Under the revised Pennsylvania Child Custody Act, which took effect in January 2011, the rules for re-location 23 Pa C.S.A. 5337 are specific. Relocation requires the consent of both parties or judicial approval. The process requires the parent who wants to re-locate to provide written notice by certified mail to the other parent sixty (60) days before he/she intends to re-locate. The definition of “relocate” can mean more than a move out of state. It appears to have expanded to include any residence change that significantly may affect the non-relocating parent’s custodial rights.
The notice provided to the other parent must provide specific information including the new address of the re-locating parent, phone number, persons who will live at the new address, ages of who will be living there, information about the new school, the reason for the re-location and a schedule of visitation. It behooves the moving parent to do as much research into the new location as possible before filing a notice so that the notice is thoughtfully presented.
The other parent then has thirty (30) days within which to respond by counter-affidavit in writing to the notice. He/she can agree or oppose. If a parent opposes, a formal hearing will be held at which each party can present evidence, testimony and experts. If the non-relocating parent does not file a counter-affidavit within 30 days he/she is foreclosed from objecting to the relocation.
The standard that a court uses to determine a re-location matter always is what is in the best interests of the child, and the burden is on the moving party (the re-locating parent) to show that the move will promote the welfare and best interests of the child.